Code: BIOL-105
Semester: Α 
Course Type: Core
ECTS units: 6
Hours per week: Theory-3 hours, 1 hour - tutorial problem solving 


Lecturer: Chatzidakis Georgios
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


Objectives of the course (preferably expressed in terms of learning outcomes and competences): Understanding of fundamental concepts in chemistry and development of the ability to apply these concepts in solving chemistry problems.

Course contents

1. Introduction, atoms, molecules, and ions. Chemistry and Measurements. Atomic structure, isotopes, atomic and molecular mass, mole.

2. Electronic structures and periodicity. Electron configurations of atoms. Periodic table of the elements. Periodic properties (atomic radius, ionization energy, electron affinity).

3. Chemical bond I. Ionic and covalent bonding. Electronegativity Lewis structures and formal charge. Bond energy, length and order.

4. Chemical bond II. Molecular Geometry and quantum theories of the chemical bond. The VSEPR model. Dipole moment. Valence bond theory. Principles of molecular orbital theory (concise). Complex ions and coordination compounds.

5. Chemical substances. Chemical Reactions. Molecular and ionic compounds. Chemical formulas and nomenclature. Oxidation number. Ions in aqueous solution. Types of chemical reactions. Stoichiometry.

6. Thermochemistry. Heat of reaction and enthalpy. Calorimetry, Bond enthalpy, combustion and neutralization enthalpy, Lattice energy.

7. Chemical Kinetics. Average and instantaneous rate of reaction. The rate laws. Reaction order. Rate constant. Integrated rate law. Reaction half-life. Effect of temperature, Arrhenius equation. Catalysis.

8. Chemical Equilibrium. Equilibrium constant. Le Chatelier’s principle. Reaction quotient.

9. States of Matter: Gases, Liquids and Solids. Physical changes and physical properties. Phase diagrams. Intermolecular forces. Solids and crystalline solids.

10. Solutions. Factors that affect Solubility. Types of Concentration. Dilution-mixing solutions. Colloids.

11. Acids and bases. Acid-base theories. Strong and weak acids. Ionization degree and constant. pH. Solubility product. Complex ion equilibria.

Recommended reading: Chemistry – Structure and properties, TRO NIVALDO J. (2021)

Teaching methods: 3 hours of lectures, 1 hour tutorial problem solving per week

Assessment methods: Written examinations

Language of instruction: Greek